Industrial automation is the use of control systems, such as computers or robots, and information technologies for handling different processes and machineries in an industry to replace a human being. It is the second step beyond mechanization in the scope of industrialization.Industrial Automation is the replacement with computers and machines to that of human thinking. The word Automation gives the meaning ‘self dictating’ or ‘a mechanism move by itself’ that derived from the Greek words Auto and Matos where auto means self while Matos means moving.The rapid evolution of technology in industrial automation systems requires tighter integration between devices on the plant floor and the rest of the enterprise. This integration requires a secure network infrastructure, smart devices for efficient data collection, and the ability to turn data into actionable information.
Industrial automation is the use of various control devices like PC’s/PLC’s/DCS, used to have control on various operations of an industry without significant intervention from humans and to provide automatic control performance. In industries, control strategies use a set of technologies which are implemented to get the desired performance or output, making the automation system most essential for industries.The integration of control and information across the enterprise enables our customers to optimize their operations by connecting the plant, site, facility, and people. We deliver industrial automation and control through our control systems, motor control, and smart devices portfolios. The combination of these three platforms are architected and designed to help you build the most efficient industrial automation system to meet your needs.
To increase productivity: Automation of factory or manufacturing or process plant improves production rate through a better control of production. It helps to produce mass production by drastically reducing assembly time per product with a greater production quality. Therefore, for a given labor input it produces a large amount of output.
To provide optimum cost of operation: Integration of various processes in industry with automated machineries, minimizes cycle times and effort and hence the need of human labor gets reduced. Thus the investment on employees has been saved with automation.
To improve product quality: Since the automation reduces the human involvement, the possibility of human errors also gets eliminated. Uniformity and product quality with a greater conformity can be maintained with automation by adaptively controlling and monitoring the industrial processes in all stages right from inception of a product to an end product.
To reduce routine checks: Automation completely reduces the need for manual checking of various process parameters. By taking advantage of automation technologies, industrial processes automatically adjusts process variables to set or desired values using closed loop control techniques.
To raise the level of safety: Industrial automation increases the level of safety to personnel by substituting them with automated machines in hazardous working conditions. Traditionally, industrial robots and robotic devices are implemented in such risky and hazardous places.
AutoCAD Electrical:AutoCAD Electrical is a CAD software for electrical designers and engineers. It is a widely used software for creating electrical and electronic diagrams, schematics, and control circuit diagrams and documentation. AutoCAD Electrical comes with powerful drafting tools for controls and schematic design. Its rich repository of symbol libraries helps designers increase their productivity in electrical design tasks.
Programmable Logic Controller (PLC):A Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) is an industrial computer control system that continuously monitors the state of input devices and makes decisions based upon a custom program to control the state of output devices. It is used primarily in automation of industrial electromechanical processes, such as control of machinery on factory assembly lines, amusement rides, or light fixtures.
Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA):SCADA is a system of hardware and software that combines industrial automation and control. Short for Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition, SCADA are the backbone of modern industry. It allows industries to monitor, gather, and process data; interact with and control machines and devices such as valves, pumps, motors, and more, which are connected through HMI (human-machine interface) software, and record events into a log file.
Variable Frequency Drive (VFD):A Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) is a type of motor controller that drives an electric motor by varying the frequency and voltage supplied to the electric motor. VFDs are used in applications ranging from small appliances to the largest of mine mill drives and compressors. A variable-frequency drive consists of the following three main sub-systems: AC motor, main drive controller assembly, and drive/operator interface. Other names for a VFD are variable speed drive, adjustable speed drive, adjustable frequency drive, AC drive, micro-drive, and inverter.
Human Machine Interface (HMI):Human-machine interface (HMI) is the part of the machine that allows for interactions between human operators and machines. It is the front-end interface which is used by operators to interact with the supervisory system. HMI helps engineers monitoring and controlling the automation processes. HMI is can display the status of machines. It can be used to control the machines by switching on any motors or valves used machines.
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